The Didache is possibly the earliest Catechism and Prayer Book of the Christian faith, and the source of instruction other than the Bible used in the Early Church. It can be classed as Antilegomena, or, New Testament Aporcrypha. 

The Didache


The Didache (Otherwise simply called Didache or The Didachus)



Date of Writing:

~40 to 60 A.D., possibly second-century work

Synopsis Edit

The Didache has two major divisions: The Two Ways and Rituals.

The Two Ways Edit

The work opens with a note about how there are two ways to live, a way of life and a way of death. The way of life is according to the teachings of the Christ and His commandments, and outlines them as such. The way of death is the direct opposite of this, and outlines them as well.

Rituals Edit

The work continues with notes on how certain traditions are advised to be done in the church. It begins with Baptism, saying that when baptising someone, they must be immersed in running water, or still water if running water is not present, or sprinkled three times if no water for immersion is present. It then goes on to talk about fasting, to fast only on Wednesday and Friday, days in opposition of "the hypocrites," who are probably Jews. It also says to recite the Lord's Prayer three times each day, and not to pray as the Jews do. The next thing is discusses is the Eucharist, where it outlines various prayers to be said during the event and how to perform it. After it discusses the Lord's Day, when everyone should gather and perform the Eucharist, and then talks about how each church should decide its own officials.

Authorship Edit

The author of the Didache is unknown. Some people have cited that because the Gospel According to St. Matthew and the Didache share common language styles, they were authored by the same person. Others have suggested that it was a joint work between St. Paul and St. Barnabas. Still others believe the work is actually a piece written by all twelve of the Apostles in an attempt to make a simple work for all the churches to abide by, similar to the Apostle's Creed. This is unlikely.

Etymology Edit

The word "Didache" comes from the Koine Greek term for Teaching.

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