Moses is a very important figure in Judaism and Christianity. It is believed he wrote the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. God gave him the instructions needed to lead the Hebrews, or Israelites, out of Egypt.


Moses Rescued from The Nile

Moses Rescued from The Nile by Nicolas Poussin

Moses Leading the Israelites out of Egypt

Moses leading the Israelites out of Egypt by József Molnár

Moses was born when the Egyptians held the Hebrews captive (Exodus 1:6-11). At the time, Pharaoh had commanded all Hebrew male babies be killed (Exodus 1:16, 22). His mother saved him by making a basket and putting him in the Nile River when Pharaoh's daughter went to wash, so he could be noticed, and sent Miriam, his older sister, to keep watch (Exodus 2:1-4). Pharaoh's daughter found him, and Miriam told her she knew someone who could nurse Moses. Moses was nursed by his own mother, then later sent to live in Pharaoh's household (Exodus 2:5-10).

When he became an adult, he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew slave. He struck the Egyptian then ran away, knowing he could be executed for his crime. He left Egypt and married (Exodus 2:11-22). God then sent him back to Egypt to lead the Hebrews out (Exodus 2:23-25, 3).


Moses has an older sister named Miriam and an older brother named Aaron (Exodus 4:14, Exodus 7:7), who became the head priest.


In Deuteronomy 34, it is read that Moses died on top of Mount Nebo, after being shown the land he lead the Israelites to. He was not allowed to enter it, as punishment because of claiming the praise God should have gotten when God told Moses to strike a rock and much-needed water would come out. Before his death, he blessed the Tribes of Israel (Deuteronomy 33).

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