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(Types Of Christianity)
 
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==Types Of Christianity==
 
==Types Of Christianity==
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=== Orthodox Christianity ===
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The '''Eastern Orthodox Church''', officially the '''Orthodox Catholic Church''', is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 260 million baptised members.It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods.Roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as ''primus inter pares''
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<nowiki> </nowiki>("first among equals") of the bishops. As one of the oldest surviving
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religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has
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played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East.
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Eastern Orthodox theology is based on the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed (known simply as the Nicene Creed). The church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, and that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles.It maintains that it practices the original Christian faith, as passed down by holy tradition. Its patriarchates, reminiscent of the pentarchy, and autocephalous and autonomous churches reflect a variety of hierarchical organisation. It recognises seven major sacraments, of which the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in synaxis. The church teaches that through consecration invoked by a priest, the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church as the God-bearer, honoured in devotions.
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The Eastern Orthodox Church shared communion with the Roman Catholic Church in the State Church of Rome until the East–West Schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the Pope. Before the Council of Ephesus in AD 431 the Church of the East also shared in this communion, as did the Oriental Orthodox Churches before the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451, all separating primarily over differences in Christology.
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===Catholicism===
 
===Catholicism===
 
Following Jesus' death, Simon Peter, one of Jesus' followers, became very important in the Jewish Christian movement. James, thought to be one of Jesus' brothers, took over. Both Simon Peter and James thought themselves as a reform movement.<ref>http://christianity.about.com/od/denominations/a/catholichistory.htm</ref>
 
Following Jesus' death, Simon Peter, one of Jesus' followers, became very important in the Jewish Christian movement. James, thought to be one of Jesus' brothers, took over. Both Simon Peter and James thought themselves as a reform movement.<ref>http://christianity.about.com/od/denominations/a/catholichistory.htm</ref>

Latest revision as of 08:00, March 18, 2020

Christianity is one of the Abrahamic Faiths and follows the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.

There are many types of Christianity, each of which offers different ideas based of the Bible.

Types Of ChristianityEdit

Orthodox Christianity Edit

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 260 million baptised members.It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods.Roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares ("first among equals") of the bishops. As one of the oldest surviving religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East.

Eastern Orthodox theology is based on the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed (known simply as the Nicene Creed). The church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church established by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, and that its bishops are the successors of Christ's apostles.It maintains that it practices the original Christian faith, as passed down by holy tradition. Its patriarchates, reminiscent of the pentarchy, and autocephalous and autonomous churches reflect a variety of hierarchical organisation. It recognises seven major sacraments, of which the Eucharist is the principal one, celebrated liturgically in synaxis. The church teaches that through consecration invoked by a priest, the sacrificial bread and wine become the body and blood of Christ. The Virgin Mary is venerated in the Eastern Orthodox Church as the God-bearer, honoured in devotions.

The Eastern Orthodox Church shared communion with the Roman Catholic Church in the State Church of Rome until the East–West Schism in 1054, disputing particularly the authority of the Pope. Before the Council of Ephesus in AD 431 the Church of the East also shared in this communion, as did the Oriental Orthodox Churches before the Council of Chalcedon in AD 451, all separating primarily over differences in Christology.

CatholicismEdit

Following Jesus' death, Simon Peter, one of Jesus' followers, became very important in the Jewish Christian movement. James, thought to be one of Jesus' brothers, took over. Both Simon Peter and James thought themselves as a reform movement.[1]

Catholicism teaches that there are nessacary Sacraments that need to be completed in order to gain Salvation. Catholicism also teaches that works are needed to be done to make up for sins.

The Church is led by the Pope, who is considered to be Christ's representative on Earth. The Pope is elected by Cardinals.

AnglicanismEdit

Anglicanism, also known as the Church of England, was founded by King Henry VIII after the Pope refused his request for divorce. His reason for divorce was that his wife Catherine of Aragon had not given him the son that would succeed him he so hoped for. King Henry VIII wished to remarry in hopes of a new wife giving him a son.

King Henry VIII began forming the Church in the 1530s, and in 1534, he announced the Act of Supremacy and the Act of Succession, which made him 'the only supreme head of the Church of England called Anglicana Ecclesia'.[2]

Anglican beliefs show that they try and follow the early Church's teachings. Anglicans particularly hold the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene Creed close. Like other types of Christianity, Anglicanism believes the Bible is the true source of standard of faith and rule.[3]

A difference between the Anglican and the Catholic Churches are the fact that Anglican priests can marry, while Catholic priests can not. Women can also become priests in many Anglican churches.[4]

Baptist ChurchEdit

The Baptist Church has about 43 million members around the world, and around 33 million live in North America.

The Baptist Church was founded in 1608, in England by the Separatist Movement and John Smyth. Several congregations came together in 1845, in Augusta, Georgia, USA, forming the largest Baptist organisation in America, called the Southern Baptist Convention.

850,000 members live in South America, 230,000 live in Central America, and 216,000 live in Britian.[5]

Primitive Baptists are Baptists that follow the 1611 King James Version of the Bible. Primitive Baptists believe that only adults should be baptised, unlike the common practise of baptising babies. Elders can re-baptise people who had been baptised by other Christian faiths.

Primitive Baptists also model their services from the New Testament, which means praying, preaching, and singing a capella (without musical instruments) are done.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. http://christianity.about.com/od/denominations/a/catholichistory.htm
  2. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/cofe/cofe_1.shtml
  3. http://www.anglican.org.au/content/home/about/students_page/What_does_the_Anglican_Church_believe.aspx
  4. http://www.anglican.org.au/content/home/about/students_page/What_are_the_differences_between_the_Anglican_Church_and_the_Roman_Catholic_Church.aspx
  5. http://christianity.about.com/od/baptistdenomination/p/baptistprofile.htm
  6. http://christianity.about.com/od/Primitive-Baptist/a/Primitive-Baptist-Beliefs.htm

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